Wheelchair Pickleball Rules: A Game-Changer for Inclusivity

If you thought pickleball was just another outdoor game, think again. This fast-growing sport has taken the world by storm and is quickly gaining popularity across all age groups and abilities. But did you know that wheelchair pickleball is also a thing? Yes, you heard it right! Pickleball enthusiasts with limited mobility can now join in on the fun, thanks to some adapted rules that make the game more inclusive than ever before. In this blog post, we’ll dive deep into the world of wheelchair pickleball rules so that everyone can enjoy this fantastic sport together!

What is Wheelchair Pickleball?

Before we get into the nitty-gritty of the rules, let’s first understand what wheelchair pickleball entails. Simply put, it’s a modified version of traditional pickleball that allows players who use wheelchairs to participate in the game comfortably. Just like its mainstream counterpart, wheelchair pickleball is played on a court with a net and uses paddles and a plastic ball with holes.

Wheelchair pickleball follows most of the standard game rules but includes specific adjustments designed to level the playing field for players using wheelchairs. These adaptations ensure that everyone can be part of this amazing sport regardless of their physical capabilities.

The Court & Equipment

When it comes to setting up a wheelchair-friendly court for pickleball, there are no significant changes required from regular courts. However, ensuring smooth surfaces and proper markings will make it easier for players in wheelchairs to navigate.

As for equipment, here’s what you need:

  1. Pickleball Paddle: Players should use regulation-sized paddles made from wood or composite materials.
  2. Pickleballs: Use standard outdoor or indoor balls depending on where you’re playing.
  3. Wheelchair: Players must use manual sports wheelchairs specifically designed for court use. Electric wheelchairs are not allowed in wheelchair pickleball.

Now that we’ve got the basics covered, let’s dive into the rules of wheelchair pickleball!

Wheelchair Pickleball Rules

The Two-Bounce Rule

In standard pickleball, players must let the ball bounce once on each side before they can volley it out of mid-air. However, in wheelchair pickleball, the two-bounce rule is modified to give wheelchair users an equal opportunity to move and reach the ball.

The adapted two-bounce rule allows for:

  1. Three bounces on a player’s side when receiving a serve.
  2. Two bounces for all other shots during gameplay (like traditional pickleball).

This means that after being served, a player using a wheelchair has three bounces to return the serve instead of just one as in regular play. For all subsequent shots during gameplay, both standing and wheelchair players have two bounces to return the ball.


When serving in wheelchair pickleball, players must follow these guidelines:

  1. Both wheels of the server’s chair must be behind the baseline at all times.
  2. At least one wheel should maintain contact with the ground throughout the service motion.
  3. Servers must call out their score before serving (just like standard play).
  4. Serves can be made underhand or overhand but should cross diagonally into their opponent’s court.
  5. If either player violates any of these rules or makes an error such as hitting out of bounds or into the net, it results in a fault.

The Non-Volley Zone (Kitchen)

The non-volley zone rules apply to both standing and seated players alike:

  1. Players cannot hit volleys (balls in mid-air) while any part of their body or chair is inside this 7-foot area from the net.
  2. A fault occurs if any part of the player’s body, wheelchair, or paddle touches the non-volley zone during a volleying motion.
  3. Players can enter the non-volley zone to hit balls that have already bounced but must exit before playing another volley.

General Gameplay

Besides these specific adjustments, most of the other standard pickleball rules apply to wheelchair play as well:

  1. The game is typically played as doubles with two players on each side.
  2. Points can only be scored by the serving team.
  3. Players should switch sides after every odd number of total points scored (ex: 6-5).
  4. The first team to score 11 points, leading by at least 2 points, wins the game.

Tips & Strategies for Wheelchair Pickleball

Now that we’ve gone over the rules let’s discuss some tips and strategies for players in wheelchairs:

  1. Practice your mobility: The more comfortable you are maneuvering your wheelchair, especially in tight spaces or quick turns, the better your gameplay will be.
  2. Work on shot placement: Hitting balls to tricky spots on the court where it’s harder for opponents to reach puts you at an advantage.
  3. Develop strong communication: In doubles play, teamwork is crucial! Talk with your partner about positioning and shot selection during games.
  4. Stay patient: Allow yourself time to adjust and adapt to playing pickleball in a wheelchair – it’s a learning process!
  5. Enjoy yourself: Remember that having fun is just as important as winning!

Final Thoughts

Wheelchair pickleball offers an exciting opportunity for individuals with limited mobility to participate in this fantastic sport alongside their able-bodied peers. By following these adapted rules and practicing some useful strategies, anyone can enjoy this inclusive game that promotes camaraderie and fair competition.

So next time you’re planning a friendly match or joining a local tournament, why not give wheelchair pickleball a try? Who knows, you might just discover a newfound passion for this exhilarating sport and make some great friends along the way!